Józef Mamica 1878 - 1940
Born 13.8.1878 in Pruchna
Died 3.8.1940 in Gusen
Józef Mamica was a Protestant-Lutheran chaplain in the Polish army. He came from a family of farmers. After completing his education at the grammar school in Cieszyn he studied theology in Vienna and Basel. He was ordained in 1903. He initially worked in parishes in Stary Bielsko and from 1904 in Błędowice. After the end of the First World War and the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, he became politically active in promoting the annexation of Cieszyn Silesia by the resurrected Polish state. As part of the central committee working on the plebiscite in Cieszyn, he published two propaganda brochures: Do ludu ewangelickiego (For the Protestant people) and Polityczne korzyści z przynależności do Polski (The political advantages of affiliation to Poland). In 1919 he, along with others, represented the national council of the Duchy of Cieszyn at the Paris peace conference; he presented to the participants the arguments in favour of Cieszyn Silesia’s accession to Poland. In 1920 he left Błedowice, which was then within Czechoslovak territory. In the same year he became military chaplain of the brigade headquarters of the 7th district based in Poznań, which included Posen and Pomerania. At the same time he was in charge of pastoral care for Polish civilian Protestants. Between 1920 and 1923 he was the administrator of the newly-founded Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession parishes in Poznań. With the support of other chaplains he contributed to the establishment of other Polish parishes: in Toruń (1921), Bydgoszcz (1922) and Grudziądz (1923). In 1925, together with the senior pastor of the Polish military, Pater Colonel Ryszard Paszko, he published Śpiewnik i modlitewnik dla ewangelików w wojsku polskim, the hymnal and prayer book for Protestants in the Polish army. From 1923 to 1929 he managed a Protestant military orphanage in the village of Marszałki in Wielkopolska. In 1929 and 1930 he held the position of senior pastor of the Polish army. On behalf of the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Public Enlightenment he was an expert on religious and political affairs in the former Prussian regions. In 1935 he retired with the rank of colonel and settled in Mnich, a village in Cieszyn Silesia. In April 1940 he was arrested and deported to the Dachau concentration camp (entry in the arrivals book on 28 April 1940, no. 7110). On 5 June of the same year he was transported to Mauthausen/Gusen. He died on 3 August 1940 in Gusen. His ashes were buried in the Protestant cemetery in Cieszyn.
W cieniu śmierci. Ewangelicy – ofiary prześladowań w czasie II wojny światowej [In the shadow of death. Protestants – victims of persecution in the Second World War] (Warsaw 1970), pp. 15–16.
L. Brozek: Józef Mamica In: Polish Biographical Dictionary, vol. XIX (Wroclaw et al. 1974), p. 463f.
J. Golec / S. Bojda: Słownik biograficzny Ziemi Cieszyńskiej [Biographical dictionary of Cieszyn], vol. 2 (Cieszyn 1995), p. 132.
KJ Rej : Ewangelicka służba duszpasterska w Wojsku Polskim 1919–1950 [Protestant pastoral care in the Polish army 1919–1950] (Warsaw 2000), pp. 159–161.
Translation into English: Joanna White